New Type of Seafloor Vent Discovered, Dominated by Talc

In 1977, with the discovery of heated water spewing metals from the seafloor along the Galapagos Rift, scientists were taken by surprise. The ocean floor had always been assumed to be a static, low-energy environment, a passive repository for detritus falling from more dynamic surface waters. But the powerful vents revealed a new dimension to the deep sea – it was an important interface between the molten mantle and the surface world, a site where enormous amounts of energy were streaming in

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